|A Mother's Civil War Pension Claim|
William Henry Shively, son of Henry Shively and Mary Ann Chambers, was born on 24-May-1842 and died 12-Apr-1866. He is buried in the Hickory Grove Cemetery in Hancock County, Ohio. William Henry Shively (W. H.) Shively enlisted in Company B of the 21st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. He was captured during the battle of Chickamauga, GA on 20-September-1863 and sent to Andersonville prison. While there he became ill and later died in Hancock County, Ohio from diseases contacted while in prison.
William H. Shively filed the following Claim For Invalid Pension:
State of Ohio, Hancock County
On this 17th day of October, 1865 before me, the undersigned, a William H. Shively a resident of Hancock County in the State of Ohio who being duly sworn to law, declares that he is the identical William H. Shively who was a Sergeant in Company “B” commanded by Lieut Mason in the 21st Regiment of the Ohio Infantry Volunteers commanded by Colonel James Neibling; that he volunteered at Findlay in the State of Ohio on or about the 16th day of September 1861 for the term of three years and was honorably discharged at Columbus Ohio on the 9th day of May 1865 as will appear by his certification of discharge herewith presented.
That while in said service at the battle of Chickamauga he was taken prisoner Sept 20th 1863 and while a prisoner in rebel hands at Andersonville Georgia about the 20th day of August 1864 he contracted a disease called scurvy and became generally debilitated, and being sent to hospital on the 26th day of August 1864 his liver became diseased and chronic diarrhea set in during the winter of 1864-1865 and that the said disease of liver still continues and also the chronic diarrhea to such an extent as totally to disable him from making his living by his manual labor, that said diseases were contracted in the service of the United States.
He makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the Invalid Pension Roll of the United States, by reason of the disability above stated; and hereby constitutes and appoints Jacob B. Dunn of Findlay Ohio his Attorney to prosecute this claim and procure a Pension certificate, that my Post Office address is Vanlue, Hancock County, Ohio.
William H. Shively
The Civil War pension for W. H. Shively lists his mother, Mary Ann Shively, as the applicant after his death. She filed her claim for the Civil War pension:
War of 1861 Claim For Mother’s Pension Act of July 14, 1862
Brief in the case of Mary Ann Shively, Mother of William H. Shively, Sergt, Co. B, 21st Ohio Inft Vols, resident of Hancock County and State of Ohio, Post Office address Vanlue, Ohio
Declaration And Identification In Due Form
Soldier pensioned for Chronic Diarrhea and Scurvy
Case admitted Feb 14, 1866 and paid to March 4, 1866
A.G. reports muster Sept. 19, 1861 and muster out May 9, 1861-ex. term of service
Affidavit of attending physician that soldier died April 12th, 1866 of Chronic Diarrhea
Proved by credible witnesses that solider was son of claimant, that he left neither widow nor child; by medical testimony that her husband is 63 years of age, that he is suffering from general debilities resulting from old age, varicose veins, aque and dileres diseases and from excessive labor heretofor which renders him unable to support his wife, that for one year before enlistment soldier contributed to claimants support by giving her food, clothing and other necessary articles; that while in the army he sent her money to the amount of $100.00 and the day before his death he gave her $60.00 of his pension money; that her husband has no property except a lot worth $40.00 and household good worth $100.00; that claimant has no property except a household lot worth $300.00 and no other means of support.
Agent and his P.O. address: E. S. Dunn, Findlay, Ohio
Admitted August 6th, 1867, to a Pension of $8.00 per month, commencing April 13th, 1866 C. Hickox, Examing Clerk
In the pension files is the following service record for William H Shively:
Nov. 16th, 1865
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt from our Office of application for Pension, and to return it herewith, with such information as is furnished by the files of this Office.
It appears from the Rolls on file in this Office, that William H. Shively was enrolled on the 19th day of Aug, 1861, at Findley Ohio in Co. “B”, 21 Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, to serve 3 years, or during the war, and mustered into service as a Private on the 19th day of Sept 1861, at Findley Ohio, in Co. “B”, 21st Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, to serve 3 years, or during the war. On the muster out Roll of Co. “B” of that Regiment, dated July 25, 1865, he is reported a Sergeant and “Absent, prisoner, Captured at Battle of Chickamauga, Ga Sept 20, 1863”. No evidence of disability on file. Said soldier was mustered out May 9, 1865”
W. P. Wilson, M.D. submitted his medical evaluation for the pension as follows:
State Of Ohio, Hancock County
I William P Wilson on oath say that I reside in Hancock County Ohio, and have been a physician and surgeon for more than fifteen years, and late pension surgeon for said county; that I was well acquainted with William H Shively, late Serg. Co B 21st Ohio Vols, before he entered said service and know that his health was at that time good, that he was under my medical charge from the 10th of May 1865 most of the time until his death which occurred on the 12th day of April 1866. That on the 10th day of May 1865 he was suffering from derangement of the liver and chronic diarrhea, and that the chronic diarrhea continued until, and was the cause of his death. That for a part of the time after he left the regiment he was in such condition as to walk about with tolerable cause, but he was at no time fit for labor to any considerable extent. That I believe said disease was contracted in rebel prison at Andersonville, Georgia, and am satisfied that medical evidence of the origin of the disease cannot be obtained. That I have no interest in the claim of Mary W Shively (his mother) for a pension, and personally know the above facts except where stated as matter of belief. W.P. Wilson, MD